Types of hair loss and how to treat it?

There are 3 life phases of hair. The Anagen phase, which is an active elage stage, lasts for an average of 2-6 years. After the Cathagen phase, which is a weekly transition phase of 1-2, the hair enters the telogen phase. After the Telogen phase, which is the resting phase of the hair that lasts for 2-4 months, the dermal papilla cell approaches the scalp surface, the old wire is poured, and a new hair strand continues to the hair life cycle starting to grow in the anagen phase.

Patient's detailed story should be listened to
Diffuse is characterized by a loss of hair that covers all skin, which is one of the important causes of telogen effluvium, which is lost in the resting stage. More than 100 hair loss per day is observed. It is more common in women than in men. It may be due to many reasons, and there is no specific cause in some patients. Hormonal and nutritional factors, medications, exposure to certain chemical substances, systemic diseases, psychological stress and seasonal changes can cause hair loss. In a detailed story, factors such as systemic diseases, used drugs, recently passed diseases, weight loss, hair treatment, breastfeeding, stress, surgical operation should be investigated.

Vitamin deficiencies should be investigated well
thyroid gland diseases in Hormonal factors, especially in the first 6 months after the birth of hair loss, the period before and after menopause can be counted. After starting a strict diet, hair loss may occur within 6 months. With examinations, iron, B12, zinc, biotin deficiency should be investigated. There are studies that vitamin D deficiency also causes hair loss.

Some medications may cause hair loss!
Because hair loss due to some medications may arise, it is important to question the drugs that have been started in the last 6 months. In the treatment of Telogen efffluvium, if the cause can be identified, treatment should be done for the reason. Tablets containing vitamins and amino acids necessary for hair can be used as support in cases where the cause cannot be identified. Hair Mesotherapy and PRP treatment are also beneficial.

Do not forget to take your hormone tests in male type hair loss!
Male pattern hair loss, called androgenetic alopecia, is characterized by shortening of the anagen phase and the increase of hair in the telogen phase. It can be seen in men and women. Family history should be questioned as genetic factors are important in patients. When male type spout is detected in women, evaluation should be made for the excess of androgen hormones. If it is accompanied by increased hair growth, acne and menstrual irregularities, it is necessary to undergo hormone tests and evaluate an endocrinologist in cases where it is necessary. The cause of hair loss, especially in the post-menopause period, is decreased estrogen levels and increase free testosterone.

What is the treatment of male type hair loss?
Patients with Hormonal disorders should be directed to the cause of treatment. Various oral and topical treatments, mesotherapy, PRP and hair transplantation can be done in the treatment of hair loss. Due to the progressive course of male pattern hair loss, it is important to start treatment in the early period.

What is ringworm?
Alopecia areata, known as ' ringworm ' among the people, is in the group of autoimmune diseases. It is characterized by spout in the form of money resulting from the reaction of the immune system cells against the hair follicle. This disease, which is usually well-progressed, can rarely lead to widespread hair, eyelashes, eyebrows and loss of all body hairs. Different treatment options are available according to the clinical severity of the disease. Hair loss can sometimes occur in some other dermatologic diseases that cause permanent hair damage. This condition, called cicatricial alopecia, can cause some connective tissue and skin diseases. Treatment should be initiated in the early period without permanent hair damage.

It is recommended that patients with hair loss complain must apply to a dermatologist and plan the appropriate treatment after the type of spillage is determined.