Spermatozoon (plural: spermatozoa) with sperm or full scientific name is the reproductive cell belonging to male individuals.
The production of these cells in the testicles begins during puberty. It carries hereditary information (DNA) that it will transfer to the egg during fertilization in the head section. He has a tail and he's moving. In humans, approximately 150-200 million sperms are released during a mating. However, only one sperm cell can fertilide the egg. When a sperm reaches an egg cell (oocyte), it leaves its tail outside to enter the egg and passes the hereditary information to the eggs. Sperms are found in a dense liquid. The name of this liquid is semen (Ersuyu), ejeculate or commonly used in the form of Sperma.
The head of the Spermatozois resembles the baker's shovel and contains hereditary information. There is a structure called Akzoroma that wraps the head part like a cap and contains the enzymes necessary for the spermatozoside to pass through the egg cell wall. When the sperm cell reaches the egg, the enzymes in the acrosome membrane are released, allowing the spermatozoa to enter into the egg. The n number of male DNA materials that come in are combined with a number of female DNA materials and consist of 2n numbers of DNA materials (this cell is called zygote). Then, in the zygote, the cells begin to multiply by dividing. The X and Y chromosomes which are carried by Spermatozoas in the formation of gender are decisive. When the female reproductive cell carries X chromosomes, half of the male reproductive cells X and the other half carry the Y chromosome. If the female reproductive cell is fertilize spermatozoon with X chromosome, the chromosomes become XX and the gender of the individual becomes female, whereas if the spermatozoon that carries the Y is fertilize, the gender of the individual becomes male. However, there are some exceptions. such as XXY, X0 may also occur with hereditary diseased individuals.
Although Sperm is spoken in the medical world, its effects, benefits or content are hardly spoken by humans. But the information about it is highly intriguing. Here are 10 interesting information you don't know about sperm.
- Sperm is produced in men's testicles, and it is necessary for 10 weeks for each sperm to riper.
- Mature sperms can wait 2 weeks for ' Big day '. Until then, they stand in the episode called Epididmis.
- If the sperm is not excreed out with ejaculation it is broken and absorbed by the body.
- Only 10 percent of semen contains sperm. The rest of it contains enzymes, vitamin C, calcium, protein, sodium, zinc, citric acid, fructose sugar. All these components are things that help the sperm survive.
- Healthy men produce 70-150 million sperm per day, but they can lose up to three times the time they ejacit.
- An average male can discharge up to half a teaspoon.
- While men produce millions of new sperm every day, their entire maturation can take an average of 2-3 months.
- Most of the sperms can live approximately 72 hours in the female body. However, in the right conditions, it can remain alive between 5 and 7 days.
- There's such a thing as abnormal sperm, and it could be a two-headed, short-tailed, little-headed, big-headed.
- Sperm also has gender. Female sperm is slower but stronger, while male sperm is faster but weaker.